Lieutenant Colonel Edward Provan Cathcart, CBE, FRS, FRSE, Royal Army Medical Corps, born on 18 July 1877 at Ayr, was the elder son of Edward Moore Cathcart, a Wine Merchant, who died in 1886, and Margaret Cathcart (nee Miller), of Sea Bank Road, Ayr.

His siblings were George and Ethel.

He was educated at Ayr Academy, then attended Glasgow University graduating in 1900. He then travelled to Germany, both Munich and Berlin, to complete further studies in Bacteriology and Chemical Pathology. From 1902 to 1905 he worked at the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine in London. From 1905 to 1915 he served as the Grieve Lecturer in Physiological Chemistry at Glasgow University.

In 1913 he married a fellow-physiologist, Gertrude D Bostock, who had graduated in 1913, only the third female science graduate in the University's history.

In the First World War he joined the Royal Army Medical Corps, attached to the Anti-Gas Services section, rising to be Depute Director of that service. In 1917 he was transferred to the same role in relation to the Home Services. He rose to the level of Lieutenant Colonel, Director on the General Staff (Army Medical Services).

After the war he returned to Glasgow University as Professor of Physiological Chemistry. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920 and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1932. St Andrews University awarded him an honorary doctorate in 1928 and Glasgow University the same in 1947 (both LLD). He served as Regius Professor of Physiology at Glasgow University from 1928 until retiral in 1947.

He died at home, 80 Oakfield Avenue in Glasgow, on 18 February 1954. His obituary described his as a "life well spent in the service of mankind".

From original research by Morag Cross, commissioned by Glasgow City Council (GCC) for their First World War Centenary Commemorative website 'Their names will be remembered for evermore' at

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Lieutenant Colonel Edward Provan Cathcart.

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