Fifers enlisted in their thousands in the Regular army and in the Territorial Battalions. Fife men from all classes had joined the Territorials in the years before the war.
The 7th Battalion of the Black Watch, the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry, the Forth Battalion of the Royal Garrison Artillery and the Highland Cyclist Battalions all recruited Fife men.
The National Reserve was also strongly represented amongst Fifers.
The links with the sea drew others into the Navy, the Royal Navy Reserve and into the Royal Navy Division as well as the Merchant Marine where losses would be high.
Although most went when called, the Military Tribunals were busy as conscription bit, pulling men away from their businesses, their families and their principles. The anti-war movement might not have been as strong in Fife as it was in Dundee but the No Conscription Fellowship had its supporters.
Fife was also a centre for military research and the development of technology of war.