Between 1914 and 1919 the British armed forces expanded to an unprecedented size. With an army and navy numbered in the millions, thousands of medals were awarded for bravery. Some medals had been introduced before the Great War and more were introduced during it because of the scale of the conflict. The Royal Navy, Army and Royal Air Force of Britain and the Empire each had their own gallantry awards and the award depended on the rank of the recipient and the actions they had performed but there was one medal eligible to all ranks, in all services.

Supreme among the British gallantry awards was, and still is, the Victoria Cross. First introduced in the mid-nineteenth century to recognise the gallantry of the soldiers and sailors of Queen Victoria’s Crimean expeditionary force, its simple design immediately struck a chord with the British public. People who know very little about military matters know the Victoria Cross is something special.

During the First World War six hundred and thirty four Victoria Crosses were awarded. The men described here were born in Midlothian. VCs from the whole of Scotland are included in Scotland's War.

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VCs from Midlothian.

 Victoria Cross


  Horatio Bottomley

  International People

  - Chief Clear Sky

  Local People

   - George W Browne

   - Alexander Christison

   - James Ferrigan

   - Francis Lewis Grant

   - Harry Lauder

   - John Lorne MacLeod

   - George McCrae

   - Alexander Sim

   - Victoria Cross

   - William Wishart


   - Scottish Women’s Aid

   - WRAF

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 Midlothian’s War

The Victoria Cross.

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